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Tema 4. Communicative competence: concept, components, classroom.

9 Nov

Increasing internationalization makes to upgrade the requirements for linguistic skills. ways of improving communication.

Communication is traditionally understood as the exchange of information and negotiation between, at least, 2 individuals through the use of verbal and non-verbal symbols, oral and written, in production and comprehensive process.

CC term was first coined by Hymes relating to speakerś ability to use the language appropriately. HYMES postulates that the learning of a language implies not only grammatical but also socio-linguistic and contextual competence.

concept. chomsky proposed the TGG T that distiguishes 2 main concepts: competence and performance. for chomsky, competence refers to the innate knowledge ofd language and performance refers to the actual production of the language use-

HYMES expands the chonskyan notions of compentence and performance into 4 parameters: possible, feasible, appropriate context, done.

COMPONENTS canale and swain formulated a theoretical framework with 4 components: grammatical, sociolinguistic (grice with the effective speech), discourse (cohesion and cohesion), strategic (no sé)

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Tema 3. Proceso de comunicación, funciones del lenguaje, la lengua en USO y negociación del significado.

7 Nov

LANGUAGE AND COMMUNICATION Continue reading

TEMA 2. Learning vs Acquisition theorIES, Krashen, and what INTERLINGUA AND ERROR TREATMENT ARE?

5 Nov

Outline of the concepts of: L1, L2, FL, LEARNING, ACQUIRING, Adult vs children acquisition (Pinker says it is innate ”the language instict), Imitation theory, reinforcement theory, creative construction theory (Chomskyś LAD), bevariourism and cognitivism schools of thought.

Stephen krashen. Five hypothesis on LAC:

This presentation this afternoon  here is on LANGUAGE EDUCATION.

HOW DO we ACQUIRE language?

blablablaba (…) Nevertheless, we all do things the same way. Take for instance ‘digestion’ (it is done equally everywhere). This way we all learn the same way a langauge is b ased on comprehensible inputs. that is, UNDERSTANDING THE MESSAGE.

TO KRASHEN’S THEORY: 5 HYPOTHESIS

  • LAC vs L HYPO: (old grammar-translation methodology) vs (meaningful messages via inputs).
  • INPUT HYPO: If we give CI, use whatever it works to get the message accross.
  • MONITO/EDITOR HYPO: inhibits speech)
  • NATURAL ORDER HYPO: predictable natural order (examples for is por  and para at the same time in Spanish; we get that later on in advanced phase).
  • EFFECTIVE FILTER HYPO: We teachers have to lower the effective filter to keep a low-effective filter (motivation, self-steem, anxiety) . ZERO ANXIETY when learning a langauge otherwise there is gonna be a block that gets into ouor brain to block the LAD (Chomsly), that block is called the EFFECTIVE FILTER .

summarized 5 hypo: tHERE IS ONLY ONE WAY TO ACQUIRE A LANGUAGE: COMPREHENSIVE INPUT IN A LOW-ANXIETY ENVIRONNMENT.

 

HISTORIA DE LA EVOLUCIÓN DE LA DIDÁCTICA DE LAS LENGUAS EXTRANJERAS: DE LOS MÉTODOS DE GRAMÁTICA- TRADUCCIÓN A LOS ENFOQUES ACTUALES. – ppt download

24 Oct

Source:  EVOLUCIÓN DE LA DIDÁCTICA DE LAS LENGUAS EXTRANJERAS: DE LOS MÉTODOS DE GRAMÁTICA- TRADUCCIÓN A LOS ENFOQUES ACTUALES. – ppt download

Tema 1. Evolución didáctica de las lenguas extranjeras. DEl siglo 19 a los enfoques comunicativos y post comminucative approaches.

22 Oct

THE term “methodology” implies the existence of a set of procedures related by an underlying theory of teaching and learning language.

FROM TRANSLATION-GRAMMAR METHODS TO CURRENT APPROACHES.

METH ONE: 19th century, grammar-translation was the dominant methodology. This was becaise of the importance given to the study of greek and latin in schools (memorizing rules and lexical items of the target language). Characteristics of this method, are: translation was also a form of mental discipline, foreign language learning focused on being able to read leterature, teacher is the authority in the classroom, memorizing grammatical prarigms, literary lenguage superior than spoken language, reading and writing as a main skills, used of the native language, evaluation test on grammar and translation.

METH TWO: By the end of 19c, the REFORM movement methdology appeared from the formation of the IPA (International Phonetic Association). This reform movement gave priority to speech, to the oral methodology and oral app.

METH THREE: BERLITz methodology: no translation, more accuracy, sentences still used like before, teachers and students are seen like partners, oral communication is basic.

METH FOUR: Structural methodology: audio-lingualism and structual approach. WarIIUS ASTP (army specialized Training program), then the ALN (audio-lingualism) and also behaviourism (stinulus: ones in drills). Error was not tolerated as it was thought that this will lead to “bad habits.”

METH FIVE: HUMANistic methodologies. 70’s. Here, I will talk about 4 (silent way, community language teaching, suggestopedia, total-physical approach).

METH SIX: CLT METHOD: communicative language teaching. Motto: communicate succeddfully in the target language, language as it is USED rather thatn an ABSTRACT system, importance of the communicative competence by Hymes, distinction between competence ans peformance what we know vs wha we do), 4 skills (hYmes).

METH SEVEN: Immersion and natural approach methodology. STEVEN KRASHEN 5 HYPOS.

INNOVATIONS. TODAY’S TRENDS METH EIGHT: Tasks-based learning. NLP, FUNCTIONAL-NOTIONAL GRAMMAR…

 

 

 

 

 

Rebelión en la granja de George Orwell

21 Sep

Animal farm (revoluciòn de 1917) is a very entertaining way to read politics through an allegory (hidden meaning).

It is a critic of Stalinism using satire.

Moral: communism sucks.  And, even within a group that shares, supposedly, a firm foundation with same ways of thinking, there are envies and rivalries; human condition…

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2030 Tend3ncias & risks

14 Sep
  • Social risks, technological risks, black swans or, strategic surprises that may alter the course of these projections.
  • In geopolitics we have a multilevel governance.
  • 50% old traditional economies and 50%!!! New emerging economies.
  • Expansion of state-owned enterprises. E.g..: .gov .gov .gov .gov …
  • Cultural idiosyncrasies, id est, New ones, New order.
  • Third Industrial Revolution.
  • New paradimes: driverless car, robotics, automatation, 3D printing…
  • Individual empowerment, that is, cyber security.
  • Ageing West And East Asia. Deep transformation.
  • Climate change.
  • Order multilateral.
  • Coordination co-op the solution.
  • Zero sum game because BRICS COUNTRIES don’t have western security,  finance stability,  healthcare systems, international trade,  climate change and nuclear power.
  • Intrastate vs interstate conflicts.
  • New Dheli.
  • Pacific is gonna be the MARE NOSTRUM.
  • ASEAN  hinterlands
  • Authority goes into decline
  • MENA middle East and North Africa
  • Egypt awesome in 50 years